- Early prospecting started in the region.
- Coniagas Mines formed the Quebec Sturgeon River Gold Mines.
- Quebec Sturgeon River Gold Mine commenced shaft sinking on the No. 3 Quartz Vein, U/G development, producing 45 tonnes per day in 1936 - operations suspended in 1942 (wartime restrictions imposed).
- By 1942, shaft reached 680M, lateral work below 565M production level showed expanding picture for both ore veins and grade.
- Brenbar operation (adjacent to the Quebec Sturgeon River Gold Mine) extracted 150 tonnes @ 48.7 g/t gold over 65cm width, 26m strike length, stockpiles ore in 45 gallon drums (minor processing).
- Jupiter Minerals Mine and Holdings purchased Quebec Sturgeon River Gold Mines.
- completed geological mapping, magnetic/EM surveys, soil sampling, prospecting of anomalies.
- Discovered discontinuous shear zones with sphalerite-chalcopyrite-galena, up to 16m wide.
- No further work was completed.
- Jupiter changed name to Phoenix Gold Mines Ltd. - Coniagas held 5% equity, purchased by Quebec Sturgeon River Gold Mine in 1983.
- Phoenix Gold Mines extracted 7 tonne bulk sample for testing, higher grade ore could effectively BE sorted using mechanical colorimetry.
- 1984-1986, Phoenix re-mapped parts of property, completed geophysics, extensive trenching, carried out minor bulk sampling of surface material and diamond drilling
- In 1984, Phoenix targeted a possible southwest extension of vein systems developed in the former Quebec Sturgeon River Gold Mine - Drilling yielded few encouraging results.
- Phoenix then targeted areas outside of the mine area, discovered over 100 potentially GOLD-quartz veins which were subsequently trenched, sampled and analyzed.
- Phoenix recommended follow up diamond drilling on the 85-M1, A-9, A-11R, 85-A2, A2, A4 and A5-A6 quartz veins, all located what was known as the Tehya-Loki-Makwa sector by pre-2018 LAURION.
- Placer Dome optioned the property.
- completed re-evaluation, line cutting and diamond drilling - 4,460M (of BQ) core drilled in 28 holes
- Best results included 5 holes which graded 4.80 g/t gold 1m to 18.51 g/t gold over 1m
- Placer Dome subsequently returned property to Phoenix due to budgetary restrains.
- No historical data for some of drill hole collar locations, reference made to a grid, but there are no data or reference map available.
St. Andrew Goldfields Ltd., acquired the Quebec Sturgeon River Gold Mine property from Phoenix Gold Mines Ltd, primarily for Phoenix’s Timmins mining claims/properties, with no analysis or review of the Quebec Sturgeon River Gold Mine. Subsequently, the Quebec Sturgeon River Gold Mine asset was forgotten and sat dormant.
Roxmark Mines Ltd. processed 4,545 tonnes all from one single side (based easy access) of the existing Quebec Sturgeon River Gold Mine waste rock stockpile on the property.
St. Andrew Goldfields Ltd. deciding that the Quebec Sturgeon River Gold Mine was a non-core asset due to primarily to its location, and it being non-proximal its key operating mines.
The following is a description of exploration work completed by LAURION Mineral Exploration Inc. on the Ishkoday property from 2007 to 2014.
LAURION Mineral Exploration Inc., acquired the Ishkoday from St. Andrew Goldfields Ltd., and completed an independent environmental due diligence report. The report found the historic waste stockpile and tailings located on Ishkoday from the former Quebec Sturgeon River Gold Mine (1936-1942) to be non-acid generating and fairly benign.
LAURION collected a total of 14 selected grab samples during a preliminary project visit. Caracle Creek International Consulting Inc., completed a channel sampling program composed of 50 channel samples on the NW steeply dipping Marge gold-quartz vein over an identified strike length of approximately 365m. A NI 43-101 Technical Report was also completed for the Quebec Sturgeon River Mine Claim Block and was filed on SEDAR.
LAURION retained GeoVector in order to design the 2010 Ishkoday exploration program. Sampling by GeoVector of surface showings from the #3 gold-quartz vein at the former site of the Quebec Sturgeon River Gold Mine returned 95 g/t gold and 51.6 g/t gold over a 30cm vein width, confirming the historically reported higher gold grade nature of this vein at surface. In addition, two samples of the adjacent host rock over approximately 50cm width returned values of 1.35 g/t gold and 1.16 g/t gold, indicating that the host rock may well carry significant gold grades. Some165m S of the Quebec Sturgeon River Gold Mine shaft, 2 samples taken from the #3B quartz vein returned values of 34.6 g/t gold and 25.3 g/t gold.
GeoVector completed a 5-hole diamond drill program totalling 353m on the Marge gold-quartz vein which was designed to intersect the vein at right angles over a 150m strike length.
GeoVector also completed a project wide mapping and sampling program, which resulted in the discovery of two new higher grade gold mineralized zones. In total, 100 surface selected surface grab samples were collected at the Tala mineralization trend ('Tala') and 92 samples on the Asha mineralization trend ('Asha'). The first discovery zone at Tala, is located west of the Quebec Sturgeon River Gold Mine area and appears to be on strike and E of the Argonaut (previously known Prodigy Gold aka Kodia) Brenbar project. The second discovery zone at Asha is located south of the Quebec Sturgeon River Gold Mine area. Higher gold assay values were clustered along an E-NE trend over a 1.8km of strike length.
Tehya was then stripped of overburden to expose the mineralized zone for mapping and channel sampling, following two promising diamond drill hole results in the area.
Initial sampling by GeoVector of the waste stockpile at the Quebec Sturgeon River Gold Mine returned a range of 0.06 g/t gold to 10.2 g/t gold with an average grade of 2.83 g/t gold from 8 random samples. It was reported in 1984 that a bulk sample extracted at that time by front end loader returned an average of 2.95 g/t gold. On the basis of these initial encouraging results, Laurion commissioned a comprehensive program to accurately determine the location and volume of the waste stockpile, and to sample the stockpile using an excavator to dig pits to acquire representative samples throughout the stockpile. The survey of the stockpile and the tailings area was carried out by TBT Engineering Consulting Group of Thunder Bay.
LAURION also completed 5 deep diamond drill holes totalling 3,516m below the Quebec Sturgeon River Gold Mine workings to test the down dip extension of the #3 gold-quartz vein and also targeting the M, 10 and 11 quartz veins in the areas beyond 550m vertical depth.
LAURION acquired an undivided 100% interest in 13 mining claims totaling 179 units and primarily located in Pifher Township known as the Ishkoday North Claim Block.
LAURION retained Quantec Geoscience to complete two induced polarization surveys carried out on the NE Grid at the Ahki mineralization trend ('Ahki') and the SE Grid at Asha. The survey was carried out over 16 line kilometres with 100m line spacing and 25m station intervals using TDIP pole-dipole array for the IP and a GSM-19 Overhauser magnetometer.
Some 7 diamond drill holes totalling 1,104m tested anomalies on the NE Grid at Ahki, the Makwa minerlization trend ('Makwa') and at the Tehya Extension. All 7 holes intersected gold-silver-copper-zinc mineralization, indicating a different style of mineralization to the previously known lode gold quartz veins.
LAURION conducted a geophysical program on the Ishkoday East Claim Block consisting of total magnetic intensity (TMI) and horizontal loop electromagnetic (HLEM) surveying on the South Grid. The grid was laid out to test a weak helicopter-borne EM anomaly detected in a competitor’s VTEM survey over the area in 2010. Line-cutting was completed by Michael Goodman of Beardmore.
The S Grid was cut using 100m line intervals and picketed at 20m station intervals along the lines. A total of 2.2 line-km were cut and chained. Geophysical surveying was carried out under contract by Exsics Exploration Limited of Timmins (Ontario). TMI surveying was completed at 5m station intervals using field and base-station Scintrex ENVI proton precession magnetometers. In total, 2.2 line-km of TMI surveying was completed on the S Grid. An Apex Parametrics Max-Min II unit was used for HLEM surveying. In-phase and out-of-phase readings were manually recorded for 1777Hz and 444Hz frequencies using a 100m coil separation. Data were read at 20m station intervals. In total, 1.4 line-km of HLEM surveying was completed. GeoVector completed all geophysical data plotting and interpretation. Ground magnetic surveying effectively mapped an E-W trending magnetic anomaly that was shown by drilling to be due to massive and blebby porphyry. The HLEM survey did not detect the VTEM survey conductive anomaly.
A total of 6 diamond drill holes totalling 1,360m (LME11-018 to LME11-023) targeted multiple strong chargeability anomalies identified by the induced polarization survey on the SW Grid carried out by Quantec Geoscience on the Asha trend. Drilling totalling 280m (LME11-024 and LME11-025) examined the extent of the previously drilled Tehya at depth and along the 800m strike length between diamond drill holes LME10-07 and LME11-017.
LAURION commenced a prospecting program covering the Tehya, Ahki, the Loki and the A mineralization trends ('Loki' and 'A') precious metal rich sulphide trends.
The A NE Extension and Loki
Selected grab sampling took place in trenches located on the Beaurox Claim Block 250m NE and along strike of drilling completed by LAURION. A total of 14 samples were taken along 125m of strike length. Best assay results included 15.30 g/t gold, 77.8 g/t silver and 27.50% zinc.
The A SW Extension and Loki
The sampling took place in trenches located 440m SW and along strike of drilling completed by LAURION in 2011, which initially identified the Loki trend. Loki is now projected to be the SW strike extension of the A on the Beaurox Claim Block, and occurs approximately 400m S and parallel to the Tehya trend. A total of 7 selected grab samples were taken along 220m of strike length. Best assay results included 42.30 g/t gold and 18.80% zinc.
A2 Mineralization Trend (“A2”) and Loki
Selected grab sampling took place in trenches located 300m S and parallel to Tehya. A total of 7 samples were taken along 820m of strike length. Best assay results included 53.00 g/t gold and 23.5 g/t silver and 18.90% zinc.
85-A2 Mineralized Trend (“85-A2”) and Loki
Selected grab sampling took place in trenches located 150m S and parallel to the Tehya trend. A total of 8 samples were taken along 350m of strike length. Best assay results included 2.53 g/t gold and 91.1 g/t silver, 1.66% copper and 15.00% zinc.
Azurite Showing and Loki
Additional prospecting and mapping was carried out on a second copper showing designated the Azurite showing. While mapping thisshowing, a further zone of zinc and copper was discovered approximately 20m N of the Azurite showing. Assay results from selected grab sample #1384287 yielded 186 ppb gold, 12.4 g/t silver, 0.13% copper and 13.90% zinc; whereas selected grab sample #1384288 returned values of 959 ppb gold, 67.7 g/t silver, 1.29% copper and 4.80% zinc.
A4 Mineralization Trend (“A4”) and Tehya
The selected grab sampling took place in trenches located 200m NE of the 85-A2 sampling. The A-4 is possibly the extension of the 85-A2. A total of 8 grab samples were taken along 260m of strike length. Best individual assay results included 1.96 g/t gold, 133.0 g/t silver, 0.56% copper, 2.95% lead and 9.37% zinc.
River West and Name Ziibi Mineralization Trends (“River West” and “Ziibi”)
The selected grab sampling took place in trenches on the Ishkoday North Claim Block. Two sub-parallel mineralized trends were identified approximately 60m to 75m apart across strike. The northern river West was sampled over 350m of strike and is gold bearing. The southern Ziibi is copper, silver and gold bearing. A total of 8 selected grab samples were taken along 260m of strike length. Best individual assay results included 6.86 g/t gold and 48.9 g/t silver, and 1.86% copper.
River East Mineralization Trend (“River East”) and Ziibi
The selected grab sampling took place in trenches located on the northern portion of the Beaurox Claim Block at River East. The mineralization appear to be an on-strike extension of the copper, silver and gold zone on River West South. Samples were taken over 860m of strike length. A total of grab 8 samples were taken along 260m of strike length. Assay results were generally low; the best individual assay results include 11.9 g/t silver and 0.9% copper.
GeoVector completed an NI 43-101 Mineral Resources Estimates for the stockpile and tailings area associated with the processing of ore feed from the Quebec Sturgeon River gold Mine. The estimates for the stockpile was 144,070 tonnes grading 1.59 g/t gold for 7,383 contained ounces of gold in the Indicated category. The resource estimate for the tailing was 137,501 tonnes grading 1.67 g/t gold for 2,944 contained ounces of gold in the Indicated category. Total Indicated mineral resources for both the stockpile and tailings totalled 281,571 tonnes grading 1.14 g/t gold for 10,327 contained ounces of gold. The estimates were prepared by Dr. A. Armitage, P. Geo., an independent consultant to LAURION. The NI 43-101 report was filed on SEDAR.
Channel sampling followed up on several new discovery zones identified in a prospecting program.
J Vein Mineralization Trend (“J”) and Tehya
The J is located within Tehya and is proximal to the Ahki. The J is located 200m from the Ahki A6 vein, which during previous prospecting and mapping in 2010 returned a selected grab sample assay of 6.76 g/t gold, 10.2% zinc, 0.70% copper and 8.5 g/t silver, and 100m SE of LME11-017, which returned assays of 0.10 g/t gold, 10.1 g/t silver, 0.11% copper and 2.85% zinc over 5.85m, including 0.05 g/t gold, 14.9 g/t silver, 0.21% copper and 9.79% zinc over 1.30m, hosted within a package of intermediate volcanic rocks. The J was channel sampled from E to W and sampled on a 5m line returning assay intervals of 0.14 g/t gold, 10.3 g/t silver, 0.10% copper and 0.78% zinc over 1m; 0.69 g/t gold, 16.9 g/t silver, 0.07% copper, 2.95% zinc and 0.43% lead over 2.0m on an adjacent 15m line; and 0.12 g/t gold, 11.4 g/t silver, 0.11% copper and 2.27% zinc over 4.0m on the next 27m line.
Southwest R, K and C Mineralized Trends (“CRK”) and Loki
The Loki Trend occurs approximately 400m S and parallel to Tehya Trend. An 3 additional mineralized trends were located to the S and on strike with the A2 Mineralized Trend (“A2”) which had been drilled in late 2012, returning results of 12.84m of 3.31 g/t gold, 18.1 g/t silver and 3.72% zinc, including 4.04m of 5.25 g/t gold, 40.1 g/t silver, 8.38% zinc and 1.24% lead.
Channel sampling of the R gave assay intervals of 2m grading 1.22 g/t gold, 1.5 g/t silver, 2.28% zinc and 0.02% copper on a 3m line; 8m of 1.08 g/t gold, 4.9 g/t silver, 1.11% zinc and 0.08% copper on a 7m line, including 5m of 1.68 g/t gold, 7.0 g/t silver, 1.27% zinc and 0.10% copper, and 5m of 1.59 g/t good, 2.2 g/t silver, 2.04% zinc and 0.04% copper. Channel sampling on the K yielded 3m of 0.72 g/t gold, 2.7 g/t silver, 1.94% zinc and 0.04% copper on a 3.5m line; 4m of 0.99 g/t gold, 2.5 g/t silver, 2.15% zinc and 0.06% Cu on the 8m line; and 3m of 0.29 g/t gold, 7.8 g/t silver, 6.88% zinc, 0.08% copper and 0.19% lead on the 14m line. Channel sampling on the C produced 3m of 3.14 g/t gold, 23.2 g/t silver, 2.62% zinc, 0.20% copper and 0.15% lead on the 1m line. Channel sampling on a new C1 quartz vein gave 1.3m of 1.07 g/t gold, 1.4 g/t silver and 0.08% zinc.
A new horizon is postulated to exist south of Loki. Diamond drill holes LME11-014, LME11-015 and LME11-016 tested three IP targets following samples were also collected along this horizon. It appears that these holes fell short of the main Makwa; however all the holes intersected extensive zones of disseminated and stringer style zinc mineralization (sphalerite) and associated lower grade gold and silver with occasional copper mineralization.
LAURION completed a drill program was composed of a total of 533m of diamond drilling completed in 4 holes ( LBX14-016, LBX14-017, LME14-030 and LME14-031). Two additional strategic diamond drill holes (LBX14-018 and LBX14-019) totalling 424m tested the higher grade polymetallic A-Zone of the Loki Trend.